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ACM Transactions on

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Analyzing Privacy Policies at Scale: From Crowdsourcing to Automated Annotations

Website privacy policies are often long and difficult to understand. While research shows that Internet users care about their privacy, they do not have the time to understand the policies of every website they visit, and most users hardly ever read privacy policies. Some recent efforts have aimed... (more)

Mining Abstract XML Data-Types

Schema integration has been a long-standing challenge for the data-engineering community that has received steady attention over the past three decades. General-purpose integration approaches construct unified schemas that encompass all schema elements. Schema integration has been revisited in the past decade in service-oriented computing since the... (more)

Test-Based Security Certification of Composite Services

The diffusion of service-based and cloud-based systems has created a scenario where software is often made available as services, offered as... (more)

New Phone, Who Dis? Modeling Millennials’ Backup Behavior

Given the ever-rising frequency of malware attacks and other problems leading people to lose their files, backups are an important proactive... (more)

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About TWEB

The journal Transactions on the Web (TWEB) publishes refereed articles reporting the results of research on Web content, applications, use, and related enabling technologies.

The scope of TWEB is described on the Call for Papers page. Authors are invited to submit original research papers for consideration by following the directions on the Author Guidelines page.

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Forthcoming Articles
A Large Scale Behavioural Analysis of Bots and Humans on Twitter

Recent research has shown a substantial active presence of bots in online social networks (OSNs). In this paper we utilise our previous work (Stweeler) to comparatively analyse the usage and impact of bots and humans on Twitter, one of the largest OSNs in the world. We collect a large-scale Twitter dataset and define various metrics based on tweet metadata. Using a human annotation task we assign 'bot' and 'human' ground-truth labels to the dataset, and compare the annotations against an online bot detection tool for evaluation. We then ask a series of questions to discern important behavioural characteristics of bots and humans using metrics within and among four popularity groups. From the comparative analysis we draw differences and interesting similarities between the two entities, thus paving the way for reliable classification of bots, and studying automated political infiltration and advertisement campaigns.

FusE: Entity-centric Data Fusion on Linked Data

A lot of current web pages include structured data which can directly be processed and used. Search engines, in particular, gather that structured data and provide question answering capabilities over the integrated data with an entity-centric presentation of the results. Due to the decentralized nature of the web, multiple structured data sources can provide similar information about an entity. But data from different sources may involve different vocabularies and modeling granularities, which makes integration difficult. We present FusE, an approach that identifies similar entity-specific data across sources, independent of the vocabulary and data modeling choices. We apply our method along the scenario of a trustable knowledge panel, conduct experiments in which we identify and process entity data from web sources, and compare the output to a competing system. The results underline the advantages of the presented entity-centric data fusion approach.

Web Portals for High Performance Computing: A Survey

This paper addresses web interfaces for High Performance Computing (HPC) simulation software. First, it presents a brief history, starting in the 90s with Java applets, of web interfaces used for accessing and making best possible use of remote HPC resources. Then this article reviews the present state of such HPC web-based portals. We identify and discuss the key features and constraints that characterize HPC portals. The design and development of Bull extreme factory Computing Studio v3 (XCS3) is chosen as a common thread for showing how these features can all be implemented in one software: multi-tenancy, multi-scheduler compatibility, HPC application template framework, complete control through an HTTP RESTful API, customizable user interface with Responsive Web Design, remote visualization, Role Base Access Control, and access through the Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting proven security framework. The paper concludes with the benefits of using such an HPC portal for both end-users and IT administrators.

Social Networks Under Stress: Specialized Team Roles and their Communication Structure

Social network research has begun to take advantage of fine-grained communications regarding coordination, decision-making, and knowledge sharing. These studies, however, have not generally analyzed how external events are associated with a social network's structure and communicative properties. Here, we study how external events are associated with a network's change in structure and communications. Analyzing a complete dataset of millions of instant messages among the decision-makers with different roles in a large hedge fund and their network of outside contacts, we investigate the link between price shocks, network structure, and change in the affect and cognition of decision-makers embedded in the network. We also analyze the communication dynamics of among specialized teams in the organization. When price shocks occur the communication network tends not to display structural changes associated with adaptiveness. Rather, the network ``turtles up". It displays a propensity for higher clustering, strong tie interaction, and an intensification of insider vs. outsider and and within-role vs. between-role communication. Further, we find changes in network structure predict shifts in cognitive and affective processes, execution of new transactions, and local optimality of transactions better than prices, revealing the important predictive relationship between network structure and collective behavior within a social network.

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